Population mixing due to dipole-dipole interactions in a one-dimensional array of multilevel atoms

Author
Abstract
<p>We examine theoretically how dipole-dipole interactions arising from multiple photon scattering lead to a modified distribution of ground-state populations in a driven, ordered one-dimensional array of multilevel atoms. Specifically, we devise a level configuration in which a ground-state population accumulated solely due to dipoledipole interactions can be up to 20\% in regimes accessible to current experiments with neutral atom arrays. For much larger systems, the steady state can consist of an equal distribution of population across the groundstate manifold. Our results illustrate how dipole-dipole interactions can be accentuated through interference, and regulated by the geometry of ordered atom arrays. More generally, control techniques for multilevel atoms that can be degraded by multiple scattering, such as optical pumping, will benefit from an improved understanding and control of dipole-dipole interactions available in ordered arrays.</p>
Year of Publication
2018
Journal
Physical Review A
Volume
98
Date Published
2018-09
ISSN Number
2469-9926
URL
https://journals.aps.org/pra/pdf/10.1103/PhysRevA.98.033815
DOI
10.1103/PhysRevA.98.033815
JILA PI
Journal Article