Mass Segregation in Eccentric Nuclear Disks: Enhanced Tidal Disruption Event Rates for High-mass Stars

Author
Abstract
Eccentric nuclear disks (ENDs) are a type of star cluster in which the stars lie on eccentric, apsidally aligned orbits in a disk around a central supermassive black hole. These disks can produce a high rate of tidal disruption events via secular gravitational torques. Previous studies of ENDs have included stars with only one mass. Here, we present the first study of an END with two stellar species. We show that ENDs show radial mass segregation consistent with previous results from other cluster types. Additionally, ENDs show vertical mass segregation by which the heavy stars sink to lower inclinations than light stars. These two effects cause heavy stars to be more susceptible to tidal disruption, which can be seen in the higher fraction of heavy stars that are disrupted compared to light stars.
Year of Publication
2020
Journal
The Astrophysical Journal
Volume
890
Number
Number of Pages
175
Date Published
2020-02
Publisher
URL
https://doi.org/10.3847%2F1538-4357%2Fab6c66
DOI
10.3847/1538-4357/ab6c66
JILA PI
Journal Article