Ionization of helium by an ultrashort extreme-ultraviolet laser pulse
We theoretically study photoelectron angular distributions and related anisotropy parameters for the competition of one- and two-photon ionization of He in an ultrashort extreme-ultraviolet laser pulse, using numerical results from the time-dependent Schrödinger equation. We explore the transition between the two processes for variation of the pulse duration, peak intensity, and central frequency or photoelectron energy. In the results obtained for fixed pulse parameters the transition and interference between the processes can be observed in the even (β 2, β 4) and odd (β 1, β 3) parameters, respectively, while the onset of the impact of three-photon ionization is observed via β 5 at high peak intensities. Finally, we show that the transition can be observed via the even anisotropy parameters in pulses without carrier-to-envelope stabilization as well as in free-electron laser pulses with fluctuating pulse shape.
|Year of Publication||
Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
|Number of Pages||