Observation of topological surface states in the high-temperature superconductor
Most topological superconductors known to date suffer from low transition temperatures (T<sub>c</sub>) and/or high fragility to disorder and dopant levels, which is hampering the progress in this promising field. Here, utilizing a combination of angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy measurements and density-functional theory calculations, we show the presence of a type of topological Dirac nodal line surface state on the  faces of the\ T<sub>c</sub>=39\ K BCS superconductor\ MgB<sub>2</sub>. This surface state should be highly tolerant against disorder and inadvertent doping variations and is expected to go superconducting via the proximity effect to the bulk superconductor that this state is intimately connected to. This would represent a form of high-temperature topological superconductivity.
|Year of Publication||
Physical Review B