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Phase-matched extreme-ultraviolet frequency-comb generation

TitlePhase-matched extreme-ultraviolet frequency-comb generation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsPorat, G, Heyl, CM, Schoun, SB, Benko, C, Dörre, N, Corwin, KL, Ye, J
JournalNature Photonics
Pagination387 - 391
Date Published2018-07

Laser-driven high-order harmonic generation provides spatially and temporally coherent tabletop sources of broadband extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) light. These sources typically operate at low repetition rates, frep ≲ 100 kHz, where phase-matched HHG is readily achieved. However, many applications demand the improved counting statistics or frequency-comb precision afforded by high repetition rates, frep > 10 MHz. Unfortunately, at such high frep, phase matching is prevented by steady-state plasma accumulated in the generation volume, strongly limiting the XUV average power. Here, we use high-temperature gas mixtures as the generation medium to increase the gas translational velocity, thereby reducing the steady-state plasma in the laser focus. This allows phase-matched XUV emission inside a femtosecond enhancement cavity at frep = 77 MHz, enabling a record generated power of ~ 2 mW in a single harmonic order. This power scaling opens up many demanding applications, including XUV frequency-comb spectroscopy of few-electron atoms and ions for precision tests of fundamental physical laws and constants.

Short TitleNature Photon

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