The first run of the Large Hadron Collider has been a great success, most notably with the discovery of the Higgs boson. Despite the continued triumph of the Standard Model, important questions about how nature works on small scales remain unanswered. Top quarks, the most massive of all known elementary particles, play a central role in many of the extensions to the Standard Model that have been proposed to address these questions. A precise understanding of top quarks and their production and properties is therefore critical. In this talk, I will discuss the motivation and status of top quark physics at the LHC, presenting recent results from the CMS experiment. I will additionally give an outlook to the future upgrade of the LHC.