Quantum Optics with Ultracold Fermions

Event Details
Event Date
Speaker Name/Affiliation
Philipp Preiss / Heidelberg University
Seminar Type/Subject
Seminar Type
Event Details & Abstracts

Few-body systems of ultracold atoms have matured into a competitive plat- form for quantum optics experiments. With single-particle manipulation, effi- cient detection, and naturally present, tunable interactions, they provide exper- imental access to highly controlled quantum states. In this talk, I will show how to realize entangled-pair sources of ultracold massive particles. Using optical tweezers, we implement deterministic sources of lithium atoms in a setting where spins and momenta of individual particles can be detected via free-space fluorescence imaging. In contrast to all photonic implementations, the source operates on fermionic particles, allowing us to ex- plore coherence, many-body interference, and entanglement in a system with negative exchange symmetry.

We verify the indistinguishability of the fermionic particles through Han- bury Brown-Twiss experiments, in which we detect high-contrast second-order interference and strong correlations at third order. Switching on interactions between the particles, we obtain maximally entangled pairs, which may be used to probe the violation of a CHSH inequality in the experiment. In the future, our techniques may help to measure coherence properties of small atomic clusters and order parameters of fermionic superfluids.