Facebook Twitter Instagram YouTube

Seminar: Exploring the Macroscopic Quantum Physics

Event Details

Event Dates: 

Friday, December 4, 2015 - 12:00pm

Seminar Location: 

  • JILA X317

Speaker Name(s): 

Laura De Lorenzo
Seminar Type/Subject

Scientific Seminar Type: 

  • Other

Seminar Type Other: 

JILA Internal Meeting

Event Details & Abstract: 

We demonstrate the utility of superfluid helium-4 as an extremely low loss optomechanical element.  We form an optomechanical system with a cylindrical niobium superconducting TE011 resonator whose 40 cm3 inner cylindrical cavity is filled with He-4.  Coupling is realized via the variations in permittivity resulting from the density profile of the acoustic modes. Acoustic losses in helium-4 below 500 mK are governed by the intrinsic nonlinearity of sound, leading to an attenuation which drops as T4, indicating the possibility of quality factors (Q) over 10^10 at 10 mK. In our lowest loss mode, we demonstrate this T4 law at temperatures down to 50 mK, realizing an acoustic Q of 1.35*108 at 8.1 kHz.  When coupled with a low phase noise microwave source, we expect this system to be utilized as a probe of macroscopic quantized motion, for precision measurements to search for fundamental physical length scales, and as a continuous gravitational wave detector.  Our estimates suggest that a resonant superfluid acoustic system could exceed the sensitivity of current broad-band detectors for narrow-band sources such as pulsars. 

JILA follows the six University nodes' policies for ensuring harassment-free environments. For more detailed information regarding the University of Colorado policies, please read the Discrimination and Harassment Policy and Procedures.