TY - JOUR
AU - Andrew Kortyna
AU - M. Reber
AU - David Nesbitt
AB - First, high-resolution sub-Doppler infrared spectroscopic results for cyclopentyl radical (C5H9) are reported on the α-CH stretch fundamental with suppression of spectral congestion achieved by adiabatic cooling to Trot ≈ 19(4) K in a slit jet expansion. Surprisingly, cyclopentyl radical exhibits a rotationally assignable infrared spectrum, despite 3N − 6 = 36 vibrational modes and an upper vibrational state density (ρ ≈ 40–90 #/cm−1) in the critical regime (ρ ≈ 100 #/cm−1) necessary for onset of intramolecular vibrational relaxation (IVR) dynamics. Such high-resolution data for cyclopentyl radical permit detailed fits to a rigid-rotor asymmetric top Hamiltonian, initial structural information for ground and vibrationally excited states, and opportunities for detailed comparison with theoretical predictions. Specifically, high level ab initio calculations at the coupled-cluster singles, doubles, and perturbative triples (CCSD(T))/ANO0, 1 level are used to calculate an out-of-plane bending potential, which reveals a C2 symmetry double minimum 1D energy surface over a C2v transition state. The inversion barrier [Vbarrier ≈ 3.7(1) kcal/mol] is much larger than the effective moment of inertia for out-of-plane bending, resulting in localization of the cyclopentyl wavefunction near its C2 symmetry equilibrium geometry and tunneling splittings for the ground state too small (<1 MHz) to be resolved under sub-Doppler slit jet conditions. The persistence of fully resolved high-resolution infrared spectroscopy for such large cyclic polyatomic radicals at high vibrational state densities suggests a “deceleration” of IVR for a cycloalkane ring topology, much as low frequency torsion/methyl rotation degrees of freedom have demonstrated a corresponding “acceleration” of IVR processes in linear hydrocarbons.
BT - The Journal of Chemical Physics
DA - 2022-07
DO - 10.1063/5.0096946
IS - 3
N2 - First, high-resolution sub-Doppler infrared spectroscopic results for cyclopentyl radical (C5H9) are reported on the α-CH stretch fundamental with suppression of spectral congestion achieved by adiabatic cooling to Trot ≈ 19(4) K in a slit jet expansion. Surprisingly, cyclopentyl radical exhibits a rotationally assignable infrared spectrum, despite 3N − 6 = 36 vibrational modes and an upper vibrational state density (ρ ≈ 40–90 #/cm−1) in the critical regime (ρ ≈ 100 #/cm−1) necessary for onset of intramolecular vibrational relaxation (IVR) dynamics. Such high-resolution data for cyclopentyl radical permit detailed fits to a rigid-rotor asymmetric top Hamiltonian, initial structural information for ground and vibrationally excited states, and opportunities for detailed comparison with theoretical predictions. Specifically, high level ab initio calculations at the coupled-cluster singles, doubles, and perturbative triples (CCSD(T))/ANO0, 1 level are used to calculate an out-of-plane bending potential, which reveals a C2 symmetry double minimum 1D energy surface over a C2v transition state. The inversion barrier [Vbarrier ≈ 3.7(1) kcal/mol] is much larger than the effective moment of inertia for out-of-plane bending, resulting in localization of the cyclopentyl wavefunction near its C2 symmetry equilibrium geometry and tunneling splittings for the ground state too small (<1 MHz) to be resolved under sub-Doppler slit jet conditions. The persistence of fully resolved high-resolution infrared spectroscopy for such large cyclic polyatomic radicals at high vibrational state densities suggests a “deceleration” of IVR for a cycloalkane ring topology, much as low frequency torsion/methyl rotation degrees of freedom have demonstrated a corresponding “acceleration” of IVR processes in linear hydrocarbons.
PY - 2022
T2 - The Journal of Chemical Physics
TI - High-resolution CH Stretch Spectroscopy of Jet-Cooled Cyclopentyl Radical: First Insights into Equilibrium Structure, Out of Plane Puckering, and IVR Dynamics
UR - https://aip.scitation.org/doi/full/10.1063/5.0096946
VL - 157
ER -