|Title||Characterization of Intermediate Oxidation States in CO2 Activation|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Dodson, LG, Thompson, MC, J. Weber, M|
|Journal||Annual Review of Physical Chemistry|
|Keywords||carbon dioxide, carbonate, CO2 reduction catalysis, C‐O activation, formate, oxalate|
Redox chemistry during the activation of carbon dioxide involves changing the charge state in a CO2 molecular unit. However, such changes are usually not well described by integer formal charges, and one can think of COO functional units as being in intermediate oxidation states. In this article, we discuss the properties of CO2 and CO2-based functional units in various charge states. Besides covering isolated CO2 and its ions, we describe the CO2- based ionic species formate, oxalate, and carbonate. Finally, we provide an overview of CO2-based functional groups and ligands in clusters and metal–organic complexes.