Laser cooling and magneto-optical trapping of neutral atoms has been a driving force in physics over the last few decades by providing an efficient method to produce cold and dense samples of cold atoms. Polar molecules which can have strong, long-range dipolar interactions and possess more rich internal structure promise a wide range of new physics and chemistry studies if they can be controlled efficiently. In this thesis I present the improved optical deceleration of the molecule yttrium monoxide (YO) and the loading of molecules into a 3-D magneto-optical trap (MOT). We have designed and implemented 3-D MOT field coils operating at 5 MHz, and demonstrated a successful operation of a 3-D MOT. This is the first 3-D laser trapping of an oxide and the first of a molecule with an electronic state intermediate to the main cycling transition states. I will also discuss some potential future avenues for our experiment.