On July 4th the whole scientific world was aroused by news from CERN that the search for the Higgs boson might be over. In this colloquium we will introduce the reasons why this particle plays such a fundamental role in what is known as the Standard Model description of the subatomic world. We'll go through the challenges faced by the CMS experiment in its investigation of the various channels used to search for this elusive object, and why we are convinced of having found a new particle. The discovery ends a phase of the search and gives rise to new questions. The most urgent is whether the new particle has all the characteristics expected of the Higgs Boson. We'll conclude with an outline of what is being done to answer this question and what are the next fundamental questions raised by this discovery.